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How to Build an Aviary – The Easy Way 2023

How to Build an Aviary

Reviewed by Carol Dunham

Seasoned Pet owner and enthusiast, Content Reviewer at

Building an aviary is an exciting project for bird enthusiasts, offering the perfect way to create a haven for your feathered friends. However, there’s more to it than simply hammering together some planks of wood! In this guide, we’ll delve into the fascinating world of aviaries, covering everything from planning and design to materials and maintenance and teach you how to build an aviary.

What is an aviary?

An aviary is a large, enclosed space where birds can fly freely, simulating their natural habitat. They come in various sizes and designs, making them suitable for both domestic and commercial use. Building an aviary is not only a great way to provide your birds with a comfortable home but also an opportunity to learn more about their behavior, breeding habits, and care requirements.

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Planning your aviary


Choosing the right location for your aviary is essential. Consider factors such as sunlight, shade, wind, and drainage. Ideally, the aviary should receive some morning sun, with protection from harsh afternoon sunlight and prevailing winds.

Aviary size

The size of your aviary will depend on the number of birds and species you plan to house. Ensure it’s large enough to accommodate their needs for space and exercise, as well as nesting and feeding areas.

Choosing bird species

Research the bird species you’d like to house, taking into account their compatibility, climate requirements, and care needs. This will help you create the perfect environment for them to thrive in your aviary. Check below for more about what kinds of birds can be kept in an aviary.

Aviary designs

There are many different aviary designs to choose from, ranging from simple to complex. Some popular options include:

  • Walk-in aviaries: These allow you to enter the enclosure, providing a more interactive experience with your birds.
  • Suspended aviaries: These are raised off the ground, offering protection from predators and easier cleaning.
  • Geodesic domes: These unique, spherical designs provide ample flying space and an attractive visual appeal.


Budgies in an Indoor aviary


What kind of birds can be kept in an aviary?

An aviary can house a wide variety of bird species, depending on the size, design, and features of the enclosure. Some popular bird types that can be kept in an aviary include:

  1. Parrots: This group of birds encompasses many species, such as African Greys, Macaws, Amazons, and Cockatoos. They are intelligent, social, and require plenty of space and stimulation.
  2. Finches: These small, colorful birds are often kept in aviaries due to their active nature and pleasant songs. Some popular finch species include Zebra finches, Gouldian finches, and Society finches.
  3. Canaries: Known for their beautiful melodies, canaries make for lovely aviary inhabitants. They are easy to care for and come in various colors and patterns.
  4. Doves and pigeons: Doves, such as the Diamond Dove or Ringneck Dove, and pigeons like the homing pigeon, can be kept in an aviary. They are relatively low-maintenance birds and can be quite social.
  5. Budgerigars (Budgies): These small, colorful parakeets are social, easy to care for, and can be kept in aviaries with other non-aggressive bird species.
  6. Softbills: This group of birds includes various species, such as Turacos, Mynahs, and Mousebirds. They often require specialized diets and care but can make interesting aviary inhabitants for experienced birdkeepers.
  7. Quails: Button Quails and Coturnix Quails are often kept in aviaries as ground-dwelling birds. They help clean up spilled seeds and can coexist peacefully with other bird species.

When selecting bird species for your aviary, consider factors such as compatibility, climate requirements, and individual care needs. Research and consult with a bird veterinarian or experienced birdkeeper to ensure you create a harmonious environment for your aviary inhabitants.



Indoor Aviary vs. Outdoor Aviary

Indoor Aviary Outdoor Aviary
Protection from harsh weather conditions Exposure to natural sunlight and fresh air
Easier to maintain a stable temperature More space for larger and more diverse species
Requires proper ventilation for air quality Birds can enjoy a more natural environment
Limited space may restrict bird species choice Requires predator protection measures
May require additional lighting Can be more challenging to regulate temperature and weather-related factors


This table compares indoor and outdoor aviaries, highlighting their unique advantages and disadvantages. When choosing between the two, consider factors such as available space, the species of birds you intend to keep, and the climate in your region.

Materials for building an aviary

Common materials used for constructing aviaries include wood, metal, and wire mesh. Each material has its pros and cons, so research which one best suits your needs and budget. Keep in mind that your aviary should be durable, weather-resistant, and safe for your birds.

DIY outdoor aviary

Building a DIY outdoor aviary can be a fun, rewarding project, but it’s crucial to plan carefully and follow appropriate safety measures. Research the specific requirements of the birds you plan to house, and ensure you construct a sturdy and predator-proof enclosure.

Ask a vet for advice

Bird veterinarians

Bird veterinarians specialize in avian care and can provide valuable advice on the health and well being of your aviary’s inhabitants. Consulting with a vet can help you ensure that you’re providing a suitable environment for your birds.

If you have concerns about the health of your birds or need advice on their care, don’t hesitate to ask a bird vet. They’ll have the knowledge and experience to guide you in making informed decisions about your aviary.

Aviary maintenance

Regular maintenance is essential to keep your aviary clean, hygienic, and safe for your birds. Establish a routine to clean feeding and watering stations, replace nesting materials, and remove waste. Regular inspections of the aviary structure are also crucial to ensure its ongoing safety and durability.

Safety and predator protection

Protecting your aviary from predators is a top priority. Ensure the aviary is constructed with sturdy materials and a secure locking system. Installing additional barriers, such as wire mesh or electric fencing, can further deter predators from attempting to access your birds.

Creating a comfortable environment for your birds

To make your aviary as comfortable as possible for your birds, provide a variety of perches, nest boxes, and vegetation for them to explore. Ensure they have access to clean water and a balanced diet. Additionally, provide toys and enrichment activities to keep them mentally stimulated and engaged.

Legal considerations

Before building your aviary, check local regulations and obtain any necessary permits. Adhering to these guidelines will help you avoid potential legal issues and ensure the safety of your birds.

Advantages of building an aviary

Building your own aviary comes with several benefits, including:

  • A customized space tailored to the needs of your birds
  • The satisfaction of creating a comfortable home for your feathered friends
  • The opportunity to observe and learn from your birds in a natural, spacious environment

Pros and Cons of Building an Aviary

Pros Cons
Customized space tailored to your birds’ needs Requires time, effort, and planning
Opportunity to observe and learn from your birds Potential legal and permitting issues
Provides a natural, spacious environment Budget constraints
Enhanced bird care and wellbeing Regular maintenance and cleaning
Protection from predators May require expert advice and assistance

In this table, we’ve highlighted the pros and cons of building an aviary. By understanding these factors, you can make an informed decision on whether constructing an aviary is the right choice for you and your birds.

Common Challenges and How To Overcome Them

Some challenges you may face when building an aviary include:

  • Budget constraints: Plan your aviary carefully, and consider using second-hand materials or modifying an existing structure to save costs.
  • Lack of experience: Research and seek advice from experts or join online forums to gather valuable tips and information.
  • Unforeseen obstacles: Prepare for potential setbacks by having a flexible timeline and budget.

When To Ask a Bird Vet Online

Sometimes, you may encounter issues that require expert guidance, like selecting the right materials or troubleshooting structural problems. In these cases, consider seeking help from an online service like This platform connects you with professionals who can provide quick, reliable advice on a wide range of topics.

Get Access to the Best “How to Build an Aviary” Resource

If you’re ready to take the next step and start building your dream aviary, it’s essential to have access to reliable, expert information. To get your hands on the best “How to Build an Aviary” resource available, click here. You will get access to plans, diagrams, material lists, blueprints and so much more.
This comprehensive guide will provide you with all the knowledge, tips, and techniques you need to create a stunning and functional aviary for your feathered friends.
Don’t miss out on this fantastic opportunity to learn from the experts and embark on your aviary-building journey today!

Other Resources

Check out what other people are doing on pinterest for aviary designs here.
Wikihow has a great guide on how to build an aviary. Check it here.
If you have an ideas please send us an email and let us know.


Building an aviary can be a rewarding experience, providing a beautiful sanctuary for your birds to flourish. With careful planning, dedication, and a willingness to learn, you can create the perfect haven for your feathered friends. So, go on, let your imagination take flight, and embark on this exciting project today

FAQs about How To Build an Aviary

How do I choose the right size for my aviary?

The appropriate size for your aviary depends on the number and species of birds you plan to house. Ensure there's enough space for them to fly, nest, and feed comfortably.

What materials are best for constructing an aviary?

Common materials include wood, metal, and wire mesh. Each material has its pros and cons, so research which one best suits your needs, budget, and local climate.

Can I build an aviary without prior experience?

Yes, with careful planning and research, even a novice can build an aviary. Seek advice from experts, join online forums, or consult with bird veterinarians to gather valuable information.

How can I protect my aviary from predators?

Use sturdy materials, secure locking systems, and additional barriers such as wire mesh or electric fencing to deter predators. Regular inspections will also help you identify and address any vulnerabilities.

What factors should I consider when choosing a location for my aviary?

Consider sunlight, shade, wind, and drainage when selecting a location. Ideally, the aviary should receive some morning sun while being protected from harsh afternoon sunlight and prevailing winds.

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